What to do in your garden during January
In dry continental and highveld, summer-rainfall regions do the following the garden.
Plant and Sow
- Sow all summer-flowering annuals like:
Tropaeolum majus (Nasturtium)
Dianthus (Carnation, Pink)
Alcea rosea (Common hollyhock)
Senecio x hybrids (Florist’s cineraria, ragwort, groundsel)
Malcolmia maritima (Virginian stock)
Antirrhinum majus (Snapdragon)
Stachys byzantina (S. lanata) (Lamb’s ears, Stachys)
Primula x polyantha (Polyanthus primrose)
Digitalis purpurea (Common foxglove)
Viola wittrockiana (Pansy)
Viola cornuta (Viola)
- Sow vegetables like:
Petroselinum species (Parsley)
Apium graveolens (Celery)
Phaseolus coccineus (Runner bean)
Phaseolus vulgaris (Beans (dwarf/green), French beans)
Cucurbita maxima (Pumpkins)
Lactuca sativa (Lettuce)
Daucus carota (Carrots)
Brassica oleracea var. capitata (Cabbages)
Beta vulgaris var. cicla (Chard, Swiss chard)
Allium porrum (Leeks)
Beta vulgaris var. esculenta (Beetroot)
General garden maintenance
- Spray apples, pears and quinces against codling moth, and peaches against fruit fly.
- Water citrus trees well every three weeks and spray against citrus psylla; water other fruit trees thoroughly every second week.
- Deadhead daisy bushes regularly to prolong their flowering period; remember to disbud dahlias at regular intervals.
- Keep the soil well mulched.
- Consider installing a rainwater tank. Many container-grown plants do best if watered with rainwater.
- Stake dahlias and water and fertilize them regularly.
- Mulch roses well.
- Cut back chrysanthemums.
- Deadhead roses regularly.
- Sow lawn seed.
- Transplant primula seedlings.
- Prepare trenches for sweet peas.
- Feed and mulch hydrangeas, and remove the dead flowerheads from the bushes.
- Spray apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches and plums against fruit fly; and apples, pears and quinces against codling moth.
- Water citrus every three weeks in dry weather, and spray with insecticide.
- Feed fruit trees after the fruits are harvested.
For January maintenance tips on watering, pruning, pests and disease, fertilizing and much more visit our countrywide maintenance guide.