What to do in your garden during January
In dry continental and highveld, summer-rainfall regions do the following the garden.
Plant and Sow
- Sow all summer-flowering annuals like:
- Tropaeolum majus (Nasturtium)
- Dianthus (Carnation, Pink)
- Alcea rosea (Common hollyhock)
- Senecio x hybrids (Florist’s cineraria, ragwort, groundsel)
- Malcolmia maritima (Virginian stock)
- Antirrhinum majus (Snapdragon)
- Stachys byzantina (S. lanata) (Lamb’s ears, Stachys)
- Primula x polyantha (Polyanthus primrose)
- Digitalis purpurea (Common foxglove)
- Viola wittrockiana (Pansy)
- Viola cornuta (Viola)
- Sow vegetables like:
- Petroselinum species (Parsley)
- Apium graveolens (Celery)
- Phaseolus coccineus (Runner bean)
- Phaseolus vulgaris (Beans (dwarf/green), French beans)
- Cucurbita maxima (Pumpkins)
- Lactuca sativa (Lettuce)
- Daucus carota (Carrots)
- Brassica oleracea var. capitata (Cabbages)
- Beta vulgaris var. cicla (Chard, Swiss chard)
- Allium porrum (Leeks)
- Beta vulgaris var. esculenta (Beetroot)
General garden maintenance
- Spray apples, pears and quinces against codling moth, and peaches against fruit fly.
- Water citrus trees well every three weeks and spray against citrus psylla; water other fruit trees thoroughly every second week.
- Deadhead daisy bushes regularly to prolong their flowering period; remember to disbud dahlias at regular intervals.
- Keep the soil well mulched.
- Consider installing a rainwater tank. Many container-grown plants do best if watered with rainwater.
- Stake dahlias and water and fertilize them regularly.
- Mulch roses well.
- Cut back chrysanthemums.
- Deadhead roses regularly.
- Sow lawn seed.
- Transplant primula seedlings.
- Prepare trenches for sweet peas.
- Feed and mulch hydrangeas, and remove the dead flowerheads from the bushes.
- Spray apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches and plums against fruit fly; and apples, pears and quinces against codling moth.
- Water citrus every three weeks in dry weather, and spray with insecticide.
- Feed fruit trees after the fruits are harvested.
For January maintenance tips on watering, pruning, pests and disease, fertilizing and much more visit our countrywide maintenance guide.