Deciduous – Sheds Its Leaves Annually
Full Sun – Prefers 6 or more hours of sun per day.
Frost Hardy – Can Handle frost without damage.
Moderate Watering – Requires Regular Watering.
Pruning Required – Needs to be Pruned.
Non Indigenous – Exotic to South Africa.
Early pruning is vital and it is best to develop a vase-shaped frame of branches, allowing light and air into the centre of the tree. Once four strong scaffold branches are developed, it is only necessary to maintain the shape with light annual pruning. Thin out well, without taking off the spurs needed for fruit production.
The apples do not grow well in warmer areas, as they need cold winters and mild summers to thrive. Most apple varieties are self-sterile and two varieties are needed for cross-pollination.
Well drained, acid soil.
|Interesting planting ideas||
Plant African marigolds, blue flax, chives, clover, foxgloves, nasturtiums, wallflowers around apple trees, they act as protection and and tonic.
An apple a day keeps the doctor away. Which is true, apples have pectin in them, that helps to clear irradiation from the body. Its high vitamin and mineral content, especially vitamin C, makes it a wonderful health food.
|Common pests and diseases||
Codling moth and fruit fly on young fruits; powdery mildew.
‘Early Red’, ‘Golden Delicious’, ‘Granny Smith’, ‘Starking’, ‘Topred’.
Apples bear fruit on spurs and two-year old laterals. They are ready to be picked when the stalks can be gently twisted from the stem.
Known as pome fruits, apples do not grow well in warmer areas, as they need cold winters and mild summers to thrive. Most apple varieties are self-sterile and two varieties are needed for cross pollination.
Synonym: Malus communis
Botanical Pronunciation: MAY-lus POO-mil-uh
Malus pumila requirements and features
Requires moderate maintenance.
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