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How to get rid of snails in the garden

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An introduction on how to get rid of snails in the garden. 

The most likely type of snails in your garden are brown garden snails, commonly referred to as ordinary garden snails. While these are typically entirely harmless to humas, their eating habits have the potential to terrorize and destroy an entire garden. Although there isn’t a comprehensive cure for a snail infestation, there are various ways to get rid of snails in the garden and to kill snails easily. Once you have got rid of snails in the garden try some practical deterrents to keep snails away from your plants and prevent future infestations

Why are snails a problem in the garden

Snails pose a threat to almost all plants since they adore anything and anything leafy and green, from ripening fruits, flowers, young seedlings and even compost. Spring through to Autumn are the seasons you’re more likely to see these critters, as they thrive in warm, damp conditions, so these are the perfect times to launch a snail prevention operation.

How to know if snails are eating your plants

Other than the obvious silky shiny trails left by slugs and snails one can identify snail damage by looking for large ragged or chewed-looking holes on blooms and foliage of plants. The lower leaves of plants are typically the first to be eaten and often seedlings can be completely striped of their foliage overnight.
Remember snails are nocturnal so mostly snail damage is done overnight in the dark. This is also the best time to spot and physically remove snails from the garden, especially after rain.

Natural and organic ways to get rid of snails in the garden:

Use course textures to get rid of snails in the garden.

Snails don’t like crossing course and sharp textured borders, so physical boarders in the garden using prickly and course materials is a perfect solution to help protect plants from snail damage.

Surround sensitive plants with sharp pebbles, grit, nutshells, eggshells, and prickly cuttings or sprigs of thorny plant material.

Use physical barriers to deter snails from your favourite plants.

There are various materials one could use as barriers to protect plants from snails.
Copper wire or copper tape is one of the most effective snail deterrents. The copper reacts with slime of snails and slugs this creates an electric charge that deters the snails.
Alternatively, one could use a ring of silver foil to deter snails from vulnerable plants.
A mound of dry ash around your plants is another good snail barrier is, make sure to mound the ash at least 3 cm high and 5 cm wide.

Plant or sow a snail friendly sacrificial crop.

If creating boundaries isn’t your thing, consider using an organic grown bait to divert their attention. Because lettuce is a favorite food of snails, placing a sacrificial row of it someplace in your yard may encourage them to gather there rather than on and around your prized plants. One could then physically remove and dispose of the snails.

Use Vaseline to prevent snails from damaging plants in pots:

On the rims and bases of plant pots, try applying Vaseline.Snails will give up on their attempts because they won’t be able to hold it with ease due to the slippery texture.

Attract natural snail predators like birds to the garden.

By doing more to entice birds to your yard, you can also help the wildlife food chain.
By placing birdbaths or birdfeeders throughout your yard, which birds enjoy, you may draw in these natural predators to assist manage any snail infestations you may have.

Snail baits chemicals and traps:

One could use snail baits as fast and effective snail control

Snail baits are known to be a fast and effective control for snails, but they do come at a cost to the environment. Snail baits containing metaldehyde and carbaryl are extremely toxic to various garden insects and beneficial organisms like earthworms. Alternatively consider baits with iron phosphate these are safer for wildlife and domestic pets.
Snail baits containing methiocarb and metaldehyde are often used to manage the snails in the gsarden, but you should take caution when applying these baits because they can affect humans as well as domestic and wild animals. 
You merely need to sprinkle these baits in the appropriate locations to control the organisms. Avoid using snail baits in full sun and refrain from watering a few days after applying snails bait. It is advised though, to water before putting out snail bait as this encourages their activity in the garden.

Snail traps are another popular method of getting rid of snails in the garden.

These typically consist of a sunken vessel filled with a snail attracting substance like beer. That said, what a waste, you are better off drinking the beer and filling your snail traps with sugary water and yeast. Keep in mind these traps are non-selective and will attract and drown a variety of beneficial garden insects as well.

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