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Capsicum annuum var. longum,C. frutescens
Botanical Name: Capsicum annuum var. longum,C. frutescens
Common Name(s): Hot peppers
Categories: Fruits and Vegetables
Sweet peppers (bell peppers) and hot peppers (chilli or cayenne peppers) come from the same family and are all warm-season crops.
Botanical Pronunciation: KAP-sih-kum AN-yoo-um
Common Pests and Diseases
Cutworms at the seedling stage. Bacterial wilt, sun scald (caused by sunburn).
Fruits are ready to harvest after about three months. To prolong production, do not let fruits ripen on the plants.
There are hundreds of varieties of chilli peppers, yielding variously coloured and shaped fruits with varying degrees of heat. Recommended varieties include:Long Slim Cayenne yields very hot, wrinkled chilies, 120 to “150mm long.
Water regularly. Once the plants start to flower, feed with a general fertilizer that is high in potassium and low in nitrogen to promote flowering and fruiting.
Sow seed in seed trays and prick out when seedlings are large enough to handle. Plant seedlings 600mm apart in prepared rows, spaced 800mm apart.
Four to six well-grown plants are enough for a family of four.