Capsicum annuum var. longum,C. frutescens
Deciduous – Sheds Its Leaves Annually
Full Sun – Prefers 6 or more hours of sun per day.
Frost Hardy – Can Handle frost without damage.
Moderate Watering – Requires Regular Watering.
Non Indigenous – Exotic to South Africa.
Sow seed in seed trays and prick out when seedlings are large enough to handle. Plant seedlings 600mm apart in prepared rows, spaced 800mm apart.
Water regularly. Once the plants start to flower, feed with a general fertilizer that is high in potassium and low in nitrogen to promote flowering and fruiting.
Richly composted soil.
Medicinal – Hot peppers are a natural antiseptic, which stimulates the circulatory system, eases the digestive system and increases perspiration. Hot peppers stimulate the circulatory system by irritating the tissues, thus reducing sensitivity to pain. Use with caution! Hot peppers can in some cases cause stomach ulcers. Also used for unbroken chilblains, neuralgia, lumbago, arthritis, laryngitis and pleurisy.
|Interesting planting ideas|
Plant near beans, beetroot, carrots, celery, fenugreek, lettuces, mealies, parsley, pumpkin and radishes.
There are hundreds of varieties of chilli peppers, yielding variously coloured and shaped fruits with varying degrees of heat. Recommended varieties include:Long Slim Cayenne yields very hot, wrinkled chilies, 120 to “150mm long.
|Common pests and diseases|
Cutworms at the seedling stage. Bacterial wilt, sun scald (caused by sunburn).
Fruits are ready to harvest after about three months. To prolong production, do not let fruits ripen on the plants.
Four to six well-grown plants are enough for a family of four.
- Botanical name: Capsicum annuum var. longum,C. frutescens
- Common name(s): Hot peppers
- Categories: Fruits and Vegetables
Sweet peppers (bell peppers) and hot peppers (chilli or cayenne peppers) come from the same family and are all warm-season crops.
Botanical Pronunciation: KAP-sih-kum AN-yoo-um
Capsicum annuum var. longum,C. frutescens requirements and featuresinfo on these icons
Requires moderate maintenance.