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Botanical name

Capsicum annuum var. longum,C. frutescens

Plant Care


Common name(s)

Hot peppers


Planting instructions

Sow seed in seed trays and prick out when seedlings are large enough to handle. Plant seedlings 600mm apart in prepared rows, spaced 800mm apart.


Water regularly. Once the plants start to flower, feed with a general fertilizer that is high in potassium and low in nitrogen to promote flowering and fruiting.

Soil conditions

Richly composted soil.


Medicinal – Hot peppers are a natural antiseptic, which stimulates the circulatory system, eases the digestive system and increases perspiration. Hot peppers stimulate the circulatory system by irritating the tissues, thus reducing sensitivity to pain. Use with caution! Hot peppers can in some cases cause stomach ulcers. Also used for unbroken chilblains, neuralgia, lumbago, arthritis, laryngitis and pleurisy.
Used to make an insect spray.

Interesting planting ideas

Plant near beans, beetroot, carrots, celery, fenugreek, lettuces, mealies, parsley, pumpkin and radishes.

Interesting info

There are hundreds of varieties of chilli peppers, yielding variously coloured and shaped fruits with varying degrees of heat. Recommended varieties include:Long Slim Cayenne yields very hot, wrinkled chilies, 120 to “150mm long.
All peppers are rich in vitamin C, and the heat and pungency is derived from a component called capsaicin. Hot peppers otherwise known as chillies are rich in capsaicin, which stimulates the body's endorphins to promote a feeling of well-being.

Common pests and diseases

Cutworms at the seedling stage. Bacterial wilt, sun scald (caused by sunburn).


Fruits are ready to harvest after about three months. To prolong production, do not let fruits ripen on the plants.


Four to six well-grown plants are enough for a family of four.

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