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Plant description:

There are two types of onions: bulb onions, which come in various shapes, sizes and colours, and are used, raw or cooked, in dishes and salads; and spring onions (also called green onions or scallions), which are grown for their leaves and white stems and used mainly in salads and in Oriental cuisine.

Family: Alliaceae

Synonym: Allium bouddae

Botanical Pronunciation: AL-ee-um fist-yoo-LOW-sum

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Botanical name

Allium fistulosum

Plant Care


Common name(s)

Spring onions


Planting instructions

Sow seeds for spring onions in trays or 20mm apart in rows.Do not plant seedlings too deep.

Soil conditions

A sandy loam soil, well dressed with compost and manure, is best.


Spring onions (also called green onions or scallions), are grown for their leaves and white stems, and used mainly in salads and in Oriental cuisine. Spring onions: ‘White Welsh’, a bunching type, is excellent for salads. Spring onions that grow too big for salad use can be left in the ground to provide the bite-sized bulb onions used for pickling.

Common pests and diseases

Pests: Thrips.Diseases include mildew (during wet weather), pink rot, storage rot.


Spring onions are ready for harvesting about 10 weeks after they germinate.

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