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Botanical name

Brassica oleracea var. italica

Plant Care


Common name(s)



Planting instructions

Sow in seedbeds or seed trays during late summer.Transplant seedlings when they reach a height of 100–150mm, planting them 400mm apart in the row.


Feed the plants with nitrogen fertilizer once a month.

Soil conditions

Broccoli grows best in well-drained, medium to heavy clay soils that have been well prepared with large quantities of general fertilizer, manure and compost.

Interesting info

Recommended varieties: ‘Emperor’, a warm season variety with high yields; ‘Green Valiant’ is very adaptable, with reliable good quality.

Common pests and diseases

Caterpillars, and aphids on stressed plants that suffer from a lack of moisture and nutrients.Downy mildew and black rot on seedlings in warm, moist weather.


The central head is ready 9-10 weeks after transplanting.Cut while the head is still compact, before the buds open, leaving 120-150mm of the main stem.The plants will then send out side shoots with smaller heads. Cut these at the same stage, leaving 70-100mm of stem.


Twelve plants are enough for a family of four.Sow every six weeks in season to prolong the harvest.


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