Capsicum annuum var. longum, C. var. annuum
Deciduous – Sheds Its Leaves Annually
Full Sun – Prefers 6 or more hours of sun per day.
Frost Hardy – Can Handle frost without damage.
Moderate Watering – Requires Regular Watering.
Pruning Required – Needs to be Pruned.
Non Indigenous – Exotic to South Africa.
Sow seed in seed trays and prick out when seedlings are large enough to handle. Plant seedlings 600mm apart in prepared rows, spaced 800mm apart. Sweet peppers require similar growing conditions to tomatoes and brinjals.
Water regularly. Once the plants start to flower, feed with a general fertilizer that is high in potassium and low in nitrogen to promote flowering and fruiting.
Richly composted soil.
|Interesting planting ideas|
Plant near beans, beetroot, carrots, celery, fenugreek, lettuces, mealies, parsley, pumpkin and radishes.
Green and red bell peppers are not different varieties: if the green fruits are left on the plant long enough, they turn yellow, red or purple, depending on the variety; shapes vary too, from rounded to tapering.
|Common pests and diseases|
Cutworms at the seedling stage. Bacterial wilt, sun scald (caused by sunburn).
Fruits are ready to harvest after about three months. To prolong production, do not let fruits ripen on the plants.
Four to six well-grown plants are enough for a family of four.
- Botanical name: Capsicum annuum var. longum, C. var. annuum
- Common name(s): Sweet peppers
- Categories: Fruits and Vegetables
Sweet peppers (bell peppers) and hot peppers (chilli or cayenne peppers) come from the same family and are all warm-season crops.
Botanical Pronunciation: KAP-sih-kum AN-yoo-um
Capsicum annuum var. longum, C. var. annuum requirements and featuresinfo on these icons
Requires moderate maintenance.