Autumn is upon us, the extreme heat of summer is over. Soil and air temperatures are getting cooler and transpiration rates are lower. This means March and the next few months are optimal times of the year to plant new plants. There is enough time for new plants to establish themselves before the cold of winter. Lower Autumn temperatures mean newly planted plants will take less stress when being transplanted and have a faster recovery. Here is a list of some plants that benefit the most of being planted now. These plants and their growth patterns such as flowering fruiting and times depend heavily on season, so it is important to plant them at the right time of the year.

In South Africa the Autumn season stretches from March trough April to May. Some of these plants are best planted in warmer frost free areas of South Africa during the month of May so make sure you have a look at the Plantinfo frost Icons of individual plants before you plant.

Summer flowering annuals to plant and sow in South Africa during March and the rest of Autumn

If you want that spectacularly colorful spring and summer garden you need to start sowing summer flowering annuals in Autumn. This will allow your little plants to grow and establish themselves trough Autumn and Winter so the are ready for a show in Spring and the Summer months that follow.
Click on the images of these summer flowering annuals for detailed information on each plant
Botanical Name: Scabiosa atropurpurea Common Name(s): Sweet scabious, pincushion flower Categories: Annuals

pincushion flower

Botanical Name: Salpiglossis sinuata Common Name(s): Painted tongue Categories: Annuals

Painted tongue

Botanical Name: Mimulus species Common Name(s): Monkey flower Categories: Annuals

Monkey flower

Botanical Name: Eschscholzia californica Common Name(s): Californian poppy Categories: Annuals

Californian poppy

Botanical Name: Schizanthus wisetonensis Common Name(s): Poor man's orchid, butterfly flower Categories: Annuals

Poor man’s orchid

Purple alyssum

Purple alyssum

Botanical Name: Centaurea cyanus Common Name(s): Cornflower Categories: Annuals


Botanical Name: Campanula medium Common Name(s): Canterbury bell Categories: Annuals

Canterbury bell

Botanical Name: Callistephus chinensis Common Name(s): Aster, China aster Categories: Annuals


Botanical Name: Antirrhinum majus Common Name(s): Snapdragon Annuals


Botanical Name: Digitalis purpurea Common Name(s): Common foxglove Categories: Annuals, Ground Covers and Perennials

Common foxglove

Botanical Name: Dianthus barbatus Common Name(s): Sweet William Categories: Annuals

Sweet William

Botanical Name: Delphinium grandiflorum Common Name(s): Butterfly delpinium Categories: Annuals

Butterfly delpinium

Botanical Name: Clarkia amoena (Godetia whitneyi) Common Name(s): Satin flower, godetia Categories: Annuals

Satin flower

Botanical Name: Lupinus x hybrids Common Name(s): Lupin Categories: Annuals


Botanical Name: Linum grandiorum Common Name(s): Flax Categories: Annuals


Botanical Name: Iberis umbellata Common Name(s): Candytuft Categories: Annuals


Botanical Name: Gaillardia pulchella Common Name(s): Blanket flower, Indian blanket Categories: Annuals

Blanket flower

Botanical Name: Papaver species Common Name(s): Poppy Categories: Annuals, Ground Covers and Perennials


Botanical Name: Nigella damascena Common Name(s): Love-in-a-mist Categories: Annuals


Botanical Name: Molucella laevis Common Name(s): Bells of Ireland Categories: Annuals

Bells of Ireland

Botanical Name: Malcolmia maritima Common Name(s): Virginian stock Categories: Annuals

Virginian stock

Botanical Name: Dimorphotheca aurantiaca Common Name(s): Namaqualand daisy, African daisy Categories: Annuals

Namaqualand daisy

Botanical Name: Verbena x hybrids Common Name(s): Garden verbena, Rose vervain Categories: Annuals

Garden verbena

Botanical Name: Tropaeolum majus Common Name(s): Nasturtium Categories: Annuals


Botanical Name: Petunia spp Common Name(s): Petunia Categories: Annuals


Cape forget-me-not

Cape forget-me-not



Common hollyhock

Common hollyhock

Botanical Name: Rhodanthe chlorocephala subsp. rosea Common Name(s): Everlasting, paper daisy

Paper daisy

Vegetables to plant and sow during March and the rest of Autumn in South Africa 

Vegetables to plant and sow in May and Autumn in South Africa. There is nothing like home grown!  Remember vegetables love full sun for most of the day, plan then in well drained fertile soil and water them often. Sow vegetables in seed trays this Autumn before planting them in the vegetable garden you will see much better results. Follow detailed instructions and specific advice on individual plants by clicking the images.
Click on the images of these vegetables for detailed information on each plant
Botanical Name: Raphanus sativus Common Name(s): Radishes Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


Botanical Name: Lycopersicon esculentum Common Name(s): Tomatoes Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


Botanical Name: Brassica campestris var. rapa Common Name(s): Turnips Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. coulorapa Common Name(s): Kohlrabi Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


Botanical Name: Beta vulgaris Common Name(s): Beetroot Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. italica Common Name(s): Broccoli Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


broad beans on the plant in the garden Botanical Name: Vicia faba Common Name(s): Beans (broad) Categories: Fruits and Vegetables

Broad beans

Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera Common Name(s): Brussels sprouts Categories: Fruits and Vegetables

Brussels sprouts

Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. capitata Common Name(s): Cabbages Categories: Fruits and Vegetables




Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. botrytis Common Name(s): Cauliflower Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


Beans (dwarf/green/french)

Botanical Name: Allium porrum Common Name(s): Leeks Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


Botanical Name: Lactuca sativa Common Name(s): Lettuce Categories: Fruits and Vegetables



Botanical Name: Pisum sativum Common Name(s): Peas Categories: Fruits and Vegetables


Bulbs to plant during March and the rest of Autumn in South Africa

Cooler temperatures signify the start of Autumn. Bulbs always promise a show so make sure you stick some of them in the garden or some pots. Plant all of these bulbs during March. As soon as the weather gets cooler the following bulbs can be planted. 
Click on the images of these bulbs for detailed information on each plant
Botanical Name: Babiana stricta x hybrids Common Name(s): Baboon flower Categories: Bulbs

Baboon flower

Botanical Name: Lachenalia species Common Name(s): Cape cowslip Categories: Bulbs

Cape cowslip

Botanical Name: Freesia x hybrids Common Name(s): Freesia Categories: Bulbs


Sparaxis x hybrids

Cape buttercup

A bulbous plant, dormant during summer. Umbels of white flowers are borne in winter. Excellent cut flowers or container plants.

Florist’s allium

Botanical Name: Anemone coronaria x hybrids Common Name(s): Anemone, Wind flower Categories: Bulbs

Anemone, Wind flower

Bulbinella floribunda

Cat’s tail

Iris species


Botanical Name: Hyacinthus orientalis x hybrids Common Name(s): Hyacinth Categories: Bulbs


Botanical Name: Ixia x hybrids Common Name(s): Wand flower, corn lily Categories: Bulbs

corn lily

Botanical Name: Leucojum aestivum Common Name(s): Snowflakes Categories: Bulbs


Botanical Name: Narcissus x hybrids Common Name(s): Daffodil, narcissus Categories: Bulbs

Daffodil, narcissus

Botanical Name: Ornithogalum thyrsoides x hybrids Common Name(s): Chincherinchee Categories: Bulbs


Botanical Name: Ranunculus asiaticus x hybrids Common Name(s): Ranunculus, Persian buttercup Categories: Bulbs

Ranunculus, Persian buttercup

Blazing star

Blazing star

Botanical Name: Gladiolus x hybrids Common Name(s): Gladiolus, sword lily Categories: Bulbs

Gladiolus, sword lily

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