Zea mays var. saccharata

Botanical Name: Zea mays var. saccharata

Common Name(s): Sweetcorn (mealies)

Categories:

Description:

Sweetcorn is the home gardener’s version of green mealies, both of which are easy-to-grow, warm-season crops. However, green mealies require much more space than sweetcorn and are not recommended for the average home garden.

Family: Poaceae

Botanical Pronunciation: ZEE-uh

sun_full
Deciduous
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Frost Hardy
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Non Indigenous
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Full Sun
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Moderate Watering
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Pruning Required

Common Pests and Diseases

Cutworms, caterpillars, streak (a viral disease that appears in late sowing, causing pale, longitudinal stripes on foliage).There is no chemical remedy for streak; destroy infected plants as soon as it is noticed.

Foliage

foliage

Fruit

Sweetcorn

Harvest

To check for maturity, choose cobs where the silks have turned brown.Pull open the husk from the top and press the grains with a thumbnail.The cob is ready to pick if the kernels exude a creamy juice.Kernels from overripe cobs are tough and doughy.

Maintenance

Water regularly and feed by applying a side dressing of nitrogen fertilizer when seedlings have started to grow well; repeat when tassels appear.Keep the rows weed-free.

Origin

Central America

Planting Instructions

Grow sweetcorn in short rows next to each other to promote better pollination.Prepare the soil well with organic matter and general fertilizer before sowing seeds directly into rows, 25mm deep and 150mm apart in the row.

Soil Conditions

Prepare the soil well with organic matter and general fertilizer.

Yield

Three 2m-long rows are ample for a family of four.Sow every three weeks in season.

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