- Regions that are frost free can sow the following seeds in trays:
Arctotis acaulis, Calendula officinalis, Chrysanthemum species,
Consolida ambigua, Dorotheanthus bellidiformis,
Felicia bergiana, Lathyrus odoratus, Linaria maroccana,
Nemesia, Schizanthus, Viola
- Remember to sow sweet peas during the month and prepare the soil at least a week ahead by working in some well-rotted compost and a handful or two of bone meal per square meter. Also erect a support structure prior to sowing to avoid later inconvenience
- Plant spring flowering bulbs:
Anemone coronaria, Daffodils, Ranunculus, Bluebells
Plant Alyssum and Amaranthus in frost free regions.
In dry continental and summer rainfall regions you can plant the following:
Antirrhinum, Arctotis, Calendula, Candytuft, Cinerarias,
Cornflower, Eschscholzia, Larkspur,
Linaria, Pansy, Petunia,
Salvia, Schizanthus, Sweet peas, Viola, Wallflower
Plant seedlings such as Phlox and Primula.
Herbs and Vegetables
- Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, braod beans, kale, carrot and beetroot.
- Continue sowing salad crops, remember to sow in regular successions to ensure they mature in accordance with harvesting requirements.
Shrubs and Perennials
- All of these perennials can be planted in April:
Agapanthus, Alstromeria, Australian violet,
Crocosmia, Gloriosa daisies, Hemerocallis,
Trees and shrubs
April is the month fro planting trees and shrubs. Mix in compost and a handful of bone meal and water well.
|General Garden Maintenance
- Feed pelargoniums and spray against rust where necessary.
- Lift and divide white arum lilies and irises after they have finished flowering.
- Feed the lawn and mow if needed.
- Fertilize roses and prune them lightly for lovely autumn blooms.
- Spray regularly against black spot and mildew.
- Control ants, as they introduce aphids and scale to your plants.
- Make cuttings of Azaleas, Fuchsias, Hibiscus, Camellias and Impatiens.
- Finish planting Nerine bulbs.
- Annuals, Roses, and perennials like geraniums, daisy bushes and lavender need to be dead headed regularly to promote growth and encourage flowering.
- Phlox and Catmint also respond well to deadheading.
- Remember to de-bud Dahlias at regular intervals.
- Hedges, standards or “lollypops”, screens and topiaries need to be pruned regularly to keep them neat and in shape.
- Ensure Chrysanthemums well supported and feed them every second week with a water soluble fertilizer.
- Fertilize and water Pelargoniums, Cannas, Gladiolus and Dahlia well and repeat feeding every second week or so.
- Prune Acanthus mollis down to ground level and mulch well.
- Check Dahlias and Hydrangeas for red spider mite.
- Arum liliys, Irisis and Cannas can still be divided and re planted this month.
- Tip and semi-hardwood cuttings can be made from the spring growth of Rhododendrons (Azalias) and Camellias.
- Start watering Camellias well and mulch around but not against the stems.
- Spray grapes for mildew if necessary.
- Water Strawberries, Mulberries, Guavas, Pawpaws, and Citrus well.
- Water all trees well once a month during dry weather and trim any branches that have been broken by wind or hail.
- Continue to feed annuals with a liquid fertilizer every second week.
- Water the entire garden well during dry periods and pay special attention to the roses, water them nice and deep at least once a week.
- To minimise your gardens water requirements:
- Refrain from watering during mid-day.
- Water thoroughly and deep at less frequent intervals rather than a quick splash on a more regular basis.
- Though it is often tempting remember not to turn or “cultivate” the soil as this invites evaporation and stimulates weed seed germination.
- Consider putting up a rain water tank this rain season, as a wide variety of vegetables and container grown plants give best results if watered with rainwater.
- Keep the garden well mulched.
- Mow if needed and water once a month.
- Feeding is no longer needed
- Protect the roots from burn by raising the mower blades.
- Remove weeds from the lawn by applying a broad-leaf weed-killer, weeds in the garden bed are best removed by hand before they flower and set seed.
- Treat weeds in the driveway and paving with boiling water on a hot day, remove them by hand make use of a number of no- selective weed-killers available on the market. – avoid spraying on windy days and strictly follow dosage and package instructions.
- Minimise weeds by applying mulch and weed guard or landscape fabric and refrain from turning or “cultivating” the soil.â€‹
- Spray regularly where necessary to keep the garden free of pests. – There are a number of organic products and remedies available.
Another thank you to Life is a garden. Visit them here.